TURCK FAQ

Does TURCK Have A Glossary Of Connectivity Terms I Can Use?

TURCK 3/13/2018

Does Turck Have A Glossary Of Connectivity Terms I Can Use?Yes, TURCK does have glossary of connectivity terms, you can view it below.

Abrasion Resistance
Ability of wire, cable or material to resist surface wear.
AC Alternating Current
Current in which the charge-flow periodically reverses and is represented by: I = I0cos (2f + f) [ I = Im cos (vt+f) ] where I is the current, I0 is the amplitude, f the frequency, f the phase angle.
Ambient Temperature
The temperature of a medium (gas or liquid) surrounding an object.
Ampere (A)
The unit of current. One ampere is the current flowing through one ohm of resistance at one volt potential.
ANSI
Abbreviation for American National Standards Institute.
Armorfast
Cordset with metal clad cable (NEC type MC).
Armored Cable
A cable provided with a wrapping of metal for mechanical protection.
AWG (American Wire Gauge)
The standard system used for designating wire diameter. The lower the AWG number, the larger the diameter. Also called the Brown and Sharpe (B&S) wire gauge.
AWM (Appliance Wiring Material)
A UL designation covering insulated wire and cable for internal wiring of appliances and equipment.
Binder
A spirally served tape or thread used for holding assembled cable components in place awaiting subsequent manufacturing operations.
Braid
A fibrous or metallic group of filaments interwoven in cylindrical form to form a covering over one or more wires.
Cable
A stranded conductor with or without insulation and other coverings (single-conductor cable), or a combination of conductors (multiple-conductor cable).
Color Code
Wire or circuit identification by color, utilizing solid colors, tracers, braids, surface printing, etc.
Contact Holder
Insulating device that holds the contacts in their proper position.
Conductivity
The ability of a material to allow electrons to flow, measured by the current per unit of voltage applied. It is the reciprocal of resistivity.
Conductor
A wire (or combination of wires not insulated from one another) suitable for carrying electric current.
Conduit
A tube or trough in which insulated wires and cables are run.
Connector
A device used to provide rapid connect/ disconnect service for electrical cable and wire terminations.
Contact
The parts of a connector that actually carry the electrical current and that are touched together or separated to control the flow.
Cable
A multiconductor cable made for operation in control circuits.
Cordset
Portable cord fitted with a wiring device at one or both ends.
Cord
A small, flexible, insulated cable.
CPE (Chlorinated Polyethylene)
A flexible material with high tear strength and good resistance to most inorganic chemicals. It is inherently difficult to ignite. A Thermoset plastic.
Creepage
The conduction of electricity across the surface of a dielectric.
Crimp Termination
A connection in which a metal sleeve is secured to a conductor by mechanically crimping the sleeve with pliers, presses or automated crimping machines.
Current (I)
The rate of transfer of electricity. Practical unit is the ampere, which represents the transfer of one coulomb per second. In a simple circuit, current (I) produced by a cell or electromotive force (E) when there is an external resistance (R) and internal resistance (r) is: ( I = E / R + r ).
Current Carrying Capacity
The maximum current an insulated conductor can safely carry without exceeding its insulation and jacket temperature limitations.
Cut-Through Resistance
The ability of a material to withstand mechanical pressure, usually a sharp edge or small bending radius, without separation.
Dielectric Strength
The voltage that an insulator can withstand before breakdown occurs. Usually expressed as a voltage gradient (such as volts per mil).
Direct Current (DC)
An electric current that flows in only one direction.
Drain Wire
In a cable, the bare wire laid over the component or components and used as a ground connection.
Earth
British terminology for zero-reference ground.
EPDM
Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer rubber. A material with good electrical insulating properties. A Thermoset plastic.
eurofast
M12 threads, single key, 2-6, 8, 10, 12 pin.
Extruded Cable
Cable with conductors that are uniformly insulated and formed by applying a homogeneous insulation material in a continuous extrusion process.
Fillers
Non-conducting components cabled with the insulated conductors or optical fibers to impart roundness, flexibility, tensile strength, or a combination of all three, to the cable.
firefast
High temperature protective sleeving.
flexlife-10
Unique cable designed for robotic and other continuous motion applications.
Ground
An electrical connection to the earth, generally through a ground rod. Also a common return to a point of zero potential, such as the metal chassis of equipment.
Ground Loop
A completed circuit between shielded pairs of a multiple pair created by random contact between shields. An undesirable circuit condition in which interference is created by ground currents when grounds are connected at more than one point.
Ground Potential
The potential of the earth. A circuit, terminal or chassis is said to be at ground potential when it is used as a reference point for other potentials in the system.
Hygroscopic
Capable of absorbing moisture from the air.
IEC
European Standardization agency; International Electrotechnical Commission.
Input
A signal (or power) which is applied to a piece of electrical apparatus or the terminals on the apparatus to which a signal or power is applied.
Insulation
A material having good dielectric properties that is used to separate close electrical components, such as cable conductors and circuit components.
ITC
Instrument Tray Cable. NEC classifcation for cable resistant to the spread of fire and suitable for use in cable trays. 150V rating.
Irradiation
In insulation, the exposure of the material to high-energy emissions for the purpose of favorably altering the molecular structure.
Jacket
Pertaining to wire and cable, the outer protective covering, may also provide additional insulation.
LED
Light Emitting Diode used to indicate device status.
Line Voltage
The value of the potential existing on a supply or power line.
Load
A device that consumes power from a source and uses that power to perform a function.
MC
Metal Clad Cable. NEC classifcation for cable resistant to crush and impact based on an outer covering of metal.
microfast
1/2" - 20UNF threads, dual key, 2-6 pin.
minifast
7/8" - 16UN threads,2-6 pin.
minifast B size
1" - 16UN threads, 6-8 pin.
minifast C size
1 1/8" - 16UN threads, 9, 10, 12 pin.
Moisture Resistance
The ability of a material to resist absorbing moisture from the air or from water when immersed.
Molded Plug
A connector molded onto either end of a cord or cable.
MOV
Acronym for Metal Oxide Varistor. A solid state device used to suppress voltage surges or spikes.
MSHA
Mine Safety and Health Administration.
multibox
Junction boxes, 4, 6, 8 and 16 port.
multifast
M23 threads, 12, 16 and 19 pin or M27 threads, 26 and 28 pin.
Mylar
DuPont trademark for polyester film.
National Electrical Code (NEC)
A set of regulations governing construction and installation of electrical wiring and apparatus in the United States, established by the American National Board of Fire Underwriters.
NEMA
National Electrical Manufacturers Association.
Neoprene
A synthetic rubber with good resistance to oil, chemical, and flame. Also called polychloroprene. A Thermoset plastic.
Noise
In a cable or circuit, any extraneous signal that tends to interfere with the signal normally present in or passing through the system.
NPN Output
Transistor output that switches the common or negative voltage to the load (current sinking). Load connected between output and positive supply.
Ohm
The electrical unit of resistance. The value of resistance through which a potential difference of one volt will maintain a current of one ampere.
Ohm's Law
E = I x R. Voltage (E) is directly proportional to the product of current (I) and resistance (R) of a circuit.
Output
The useful power or signal delivered by a circuit or device.
PA (Polyamide, Nylon)
An abrasion-resistant thermoplastic with good chemical resistance, also known as polyamide.
pentafast
M5 threads, 3 and 4 pin.
picofast
Snap lock or M8 threads, 3, 4 and 6 pin.
Plastic
High-polymeric substances, including both natural and synthetic products, but excluding the rubbers, that are capable of flowing under heat and pressure.
Plug
A connector associated with being attached to a cable.
PLTC
Power Limited Tray Cable. NEC classiffcation for cable resistant to the spread of fire and suitable for use in cable trays. 300V rating.
PNP Output
Transistor output that switches the positive voltage to the load (current sourcing). Load connected between output and common.
POM (Polyoxymethylene, Acetal, Delrin)
Polyoxymethylene - a crystalline thermoplastic polymer with a high melting point. It is suitable for mechanical parts or electrical insulators that require structural strength at above normal temperatures.
Potting
The sealing of a cable termination or other component with a liquid that thermosets into an elastomer.
PUR (Polyurethane)
Broad class of polymers noted for good abrasion and solvent resistance.
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)
A general-purpose thermoplastic widely used for wire and cable insulation and jackets.
powerfast
1 3/8" - 16 threads, 2, 3 and 4 pin or M23 threads, 6, 7 and 9 pins or M40 threads, 4-pin.
Resistance
A measure of the difficulty in moving electrical current through a medium when voltage is applied. It is measured in ohms.
Retractile Cord
A cord having a specially treated jacket or insulation so that it will retract like a spring. Retractility may be added to all or part of a cord's length.
RoHS
Restriction of Hazardous Substances.
Rubber
A general term used to describe wire insulation made of thermosetting elastomers, such as natural or synthetic rubbers, neoprene, Hypalon, CPE butyl rubber and others.
Serve
A filament or group of filaments such as fibers or wires, wound around a central core.
Shield
In cables, a metallic layer placed around a conductor or group of conductors to prevent electrostatic or electromagnetic interference between the enclosed wires and external fields.
Signal
Any visible or audible indication that can convey information. Also, the information conveyed through a communication system.
SJOOW
Junior hard service, rubber insulated, portable cord with oil resistant rubber outer jacket. Stranded copper conductors with separator and individual oil and water resistant rubber insulation. Two or more color coded conductors cabled with filler, wrapped with separator and rubber jacketed overall. 300 V.
Solid Conductor
A conductor consisting of a single wire.
Solid State
Pertains to circuits and components using semiconductors without moving parts. Example: transistors, diodes, SCR, etc.
SOOW
Heavy duty, rubber-insulated portable cord with oil resistant rubber outer jacket. Stranded copper conductors with separator and individual oil and rubber insulation. Two or more color-coded conductors cabled with filler, wrapped with separator and rubber jacketed overall. 600 V.
STOW
Heavy duty, PVC insulated, portable cord with oil resistant PVC outer jacket. Stranded copper conductors, PVC insulation. Two or more color coded conductors cabled with filler, wrapped with separator and PVC jacketed overall. Approved for outdoor use. 600 V.
Stranded Conductor
A conductor composed of groups of wires twisted together.
Temperature Rating
The maximum temperature at which a material may be used in continuous operation without loss of its basic properties.
Thermoplastic
A material that will soften, flow or distort appreciably when subjected to heat and pressure.
Thermoset
A material that hardens or sets when heat is applied, and which, once set, cannot be re-softened by heating. The application of heat is called "curing".
TPE
Thermo Plastic Elastomer. Broad class of polymers noted for flexibility and weld slag resistance.
TPR
Thermo Plastic Rubber. Another name for TPE.
Twisted Pairs
A cable composed of two small, insulated conductors twisted together without a common covering.
Versafast
M16 threads, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14 and 19 pin.
V*fast
DIN 43650, type A, B, I and C.
VDE
German approval agency.
Volt (V)
A unit of electrical pressure. One volt is the electrical pressure that will cause one ampere of current to flow through one ohm of resistance.
Voltage
The term most often used in place of electromotive force, potential difference, or voltage drop. Designates the electric pressure existing between two points that is capable of producing a current when a closed circuit is connected between these points.
Voltage Rating
The highest voltage that may be continuously applied to a wire in conformance with standards or specifications.
VW-1
A ammability rating established by Underwriters Laboratories for wires and cables that pass a specially designed vertical flame test, formerly designated FR-1.
Wicking
The longitudinal flow of a liquid in a wire or cable due to capillary action.