weidmuller Articles

Industrial Wireless Communication Solutions

Weidmuller 3/23/2018
Industrial Wireless Communication SolutionsWireless communications are preferred when working with mobile applications or difficult-to-reach areas. Currently, wireless LAN can be used for industrial manufacturing plants or facilities; it is ideal for use anywhere where traditional cabling is not suitable or where a mobile network connection is required. For example in logistics AGVs (automatic guide vehicles) are connected over a WLAN. Here it is important that roaming between different radio cells is possible, thereby creating individually configurable radio coverage.

Weidmüller's versatile WLAN module can be used as an access point, bridge or client. It is quite simple to integrate into existing infrastructures because it has an alternative Power over Ethernet supply (using the data cable for the power supply).

Support for RADIUS services and WPA2 secure encryption guarantees that your data is fully protected. Multiple wireless zones can be set up so that clients can move around as they wish, by roaming between the different radio/wireless cells. Multiple zones can be specified (multiple SSIDs) and different VLANs can be assigned for each wireless cell. This allows you to implement a one-to-one forwarding of the cable-based infrastructure to the wireless zone.

Industrial Wireless Communication Solutions

Wireless operating modes

The most common operating mode for wireless networks are AP client mode (Access Point) and bridge mode. In AP-client mode an Access Point is necessary to set up a Basic Service Set (BSS) for a wireless connection. The AP can be used to create a wireless LAN, or to connect an existing WLAN with a wired network. Bridge mode offers a simple way to connect two Ethernet devices over a point-to-point connection wirelessly with one another.

Industrial Wireless Communication Solutions

Turbo roaming for uninterrupted connections

A WLAN radio cell has a limited range depending on the antenna used. To maintain communications between devices which move over a long distance requires the connection to be passed from one access point to another. Performance can be affected where there are many moving devices and a large number of transfer points without powerful roaming technology. it is the roaming technology that offers a seamless wireless connection and permits a swift change between different wireless access points without the risk of interruption to the data communication.

Industrial Wireless Communication Solutions

Integrated digital inputs / outputs

Wireless access points are often located in distant or inaccessible places in an industrial plant. This makes monitoring the status of a device, or its environment by the system administrators, a difficult task. Weidmüller’s WLAN access points therefore have an integrated digital input/ output which sends alarm messages over the network in real time to the responsible maintenance personnel when errors, like power supply failures, or link breaks, occur.

Industrial Wireless Communication Solutions

Wireless VLAN (Multi-SSID)

VLAN stands for virtual LAN. It is a network structure with all the characteristics of a normal LAN, but not geographically constrained. Based on the SSID, two or more clients can be added into a VLAN and integrated into a LAN independently of their geographical location. Without the use of routers, a level 2 switch, in conjunction with Weidmüller WLAN access points, can distinguish broadcast domains from each other. In this way, VLANs offer administrators flexibility regarding network security, network management and scalability.

Industrial Wireless Communication Solutions

WMM for prioritising communications

Quality of Service (QoS) is a network term for controlling and measuring data transmission rates, throughput and error rates. It is an essential part of wireless communication when transmitting multimedia data like audio and video. Critical data, for example, requires a high priority with respect to the data throughput and low error rates. WMM (Wi-Fi multimedia) is based on the IEEE 802.11e protocol which was designed to integrate QoS functionality into a WLAN. The advantages lie in the prioritising of important data and the associated improvement of the communication quality.